具体做起来，大学为了降低亚裔的录取率，给他们入学考试成绩价格门槛，而对其他少数种族则降个台阶，有人说亚裔的门槛高达（美国高考SAT）150分之多【5】。美国大学此举，是一种“多元化”的意愿（diversification），主要出于改正历史上白人对黑人的歧视（事实），现在已经有白人觉得是反面歧视了，亚裔觉得更甚。然而哈佛不觉得自己做得有什么不对的，“the university said its admissions philosophy complies with the law. The school points out that the percentage of admitted Asian-American students has spiked — from 17 percent a decade ago, to 21 percent. The population of Asian-Americans in the U.S.? Just 6 percent”【1】。
The Bell Curve
Richard J. Herrnstein, Charles Murray
The Global Bell Curve: Race, IQ, and Inequality Worldwide
Professor Richard Lynn
【1】（全国大众电台）Is Harvard Showing Bias Against Asian-Americans?
【2】（华尔街日报，见下）Harvard Accused of Bias Against Asian-Americans
【3】（华邮）个人专栏The misleading lawsuit accusing Harvard of bias against Asian Americans
【4】（洛杉矶时报）For Asian Americans, a changing landscape on college admissions
【5】搜搜“Charles Liu SAT 150”
【10】Demographics of US College Graduates in 2013
【11】If Asian Americans saw white Americans the way white Americans see black Americans（此标题很逗：（美国）亚裔瞧白人就像白人瞧黑人一般）
【12】（皮尤研究中心）Race in America: Tracking 50 Years of Demographic Trends
Harvard Accused of Bias Against Asian-Americans
Complaint alleges university sets higher bar for applicants to limit Asian enrollment
A complaint Friday alleged that Harvard University discriminates against Asian-American applicants by setting a higher bar for admissions than that faced by other groups.
The complaint, filed by a coalition of 64 organizations, says the university has set quotas to keep the numbers of Asian-American students significantly lower than the quality of their applications merits. It cites third-party academic research on the SAT exam showing that Asian-Americans have to score on average about 140 points higher than white students, 270 points higher than Hispanic students and 450 points higher than African-American students to equal their chances of gaining admission to Harvard. The exam is scored on a 2400-point scale.
The complaint was filed with the U.S. Education Department’s Office for Civil Rights.
“Many studies have indicated that Harvard University has been engaged in systemic and continuous discrimination against Asian-Americans during its very subjective ‘Holistic’ college admissions process,” the complaint alleges.
The coalition is seeking a federal investigation and is requesting Harvard “immediately cease and desist from using stereotypes, racial biases and other discriminatory means in evaluating Asian-American applicants.”
Robert Iuliano, Harvard’s general counsel, said the school’s admissions policies are “fully compliant with the law.” The school says its admissions process takes into account a variety of factors besides academics, including applicants’ extracurricular activities and leadership qualities.
“Within its holistic admissions process, and as part of its effort to build a diverse class, Harvard College has demonstrated a strong record of recruiting and admitting Asian American students,” Mr. Iuliano said in a statement. He said the percentage of Asian-American students admitted to the undergraduate school rose to 21% from less than 18% in the past decade.
But the group that filed the complaint said that percentage should be much higher given the increasing numbers of Asian-American students that apply.
“There is a lot of discrimination, and it hurts not just Asian-Americans, it hurts the whole country,” said Yukong Zhao, a 52-year-old Chinese-American author who helped organize the coalition. He said there are longtime stereotypes of Asian applicants’ being “not creative enough or risk-taking enough, but that’s not true. Nearly half of the tech start-ups in the country were started by Asian-Americans. Every one is a great example of creativity, and risk-taking and leadership.”
The complaint argues that elite schools “that use race-neutral admissions” have far higher Asian-American enrollment than Harvard. At California Institute of Technology, for instance, about 40% of undergraduates are Asian-American, about twice that at Harvard.
The allegations come six months after a group called Students for Fair Admissions argued in a federal lawsuit that Harvard uses preferences to reach specific racial balance on its campuses.
Thomas Espenshade, a Princeton University sociologist who has done work on race in college admissions, said the complaint was the result of long-simmering anger in the Asian-American community.
“Up until five or 10 years ago the response has been, ‘Well we just have to work harder,’ ” Mr. Espenshade said. “But over the last decade, more groups are starting to mobilize, saying we don’t have to just accept his, we can push back against it.”